Legislative / Policy Update
Senate Floor. The Senate this week is expected to confirm Mark Esper as Secretary of Defense and Stephen Dickson as head of the Federal Aviation Administration. On Tuesday, the Senate will vote on an extension through 2090 of the 9/11 Victim Compensation Fund, which pays out claims for deaths and illnesses related to the 2001 attack. The measure was approved 402-12 by the House on July 12 but failed to clear a unanimous consent request last week in the Senate when Senators Rand Paul (R-Ky.) and Mike Lee (R-Utah) objected because the bill’s $10.2 billion cost was not paid for. The two Senators will now be allowed to offer amendments, which do not have the support of the necessary 60 Senators, and then the Senate will pass the measure and send it to the President.
House Floor. Among the non-controversial bills that the House will pass this week under suspension of the rules is the “Stopping Bad Robocalls Act,” aimed at protecting consumers from unwanted robocalls. The Senate passed a similar bill in May. Legislation that will be considered under regular order includes a measure dealing with loans to underfunded multiemployer pension plans and a bill requiring Customs and Border Protection to provide detainees with minimum standards of health care, food, and shelter. Another bill that prohibits family separations at the border could also be added to the floor schedule.
Of course, the most time-sensitive proposal that the House could take up this week has not yet been hammered out – a debt limit/budget caps deal that is being negotiated between House Speaker Nancy Pelosi and Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin. Pelosi hopes such a deal can be approved by the House before Members recess Friday afternoon until after Labor Day.
Debt Limit / Budget Caps. While nothing is final until everything is final, the deal would reportedly suspend the debt limit through July 31, 2021 and raise the spending caps for both defense and non-defense in FY 2020 and 2021 by about $320 billion. Approximately $75 billion in offsets are said to be part of the package.
Mueller Testimony. On Wednesday, former Special Counsel Robert Mueller will spend most of the day in Room 2141 of the Rayburn House Office Building. Beginning at 8:30 a.m., he will testify for three hours before the House Judiciary Committee, chaired by Rep. Jerry Nadler (D-N.Y.). Then, at noon, members of the House Intelligence Committee, chaired by Rep. Adam Schiff (D-Calif.), will have two hours to question Mueller. The Judiciary Committee is expected to focus on volume two of Mueller’s report, which deals with possible obstruction of justice, while the Intelligence Committee plans to examine volume one, focusing on the Trump campaign’s contacts with Russia and WikiLeaks. Both Democrats and Republicans have been intensely preparing for the hearings, conducting mock hearings and studying video of Mueller’s testimony when he was FBI director.
Committee Action of Note:
2020 House Democratic Primaries. So far, 41 incumbent Democrats, six of whom are freshmen, will have primary opponents in 2020. With the filing deadlines still four to 12 months away (depending on the state), that number is likely to increase, but it is, nevertheless, very rare for incumbents to lose in a primary. Between 1999 and 2018, just nine out of 626 freshmen have lost a primary challenge, and incumbents have a 99% win rate with only 49 House members, including two Democrats in 2018, having lost in a primary. As of today, Republicans have seven House incumbents facing primaries in 2020.
Second Democratic Primary Debates. The second round of Democratic debates will be hosted on CNN from Detroit on Tuesday, July 30, and Wednesday, July 31.
Senate Fundraising. In the 14 competitively rated 2020 Senate races (8 held by Republicans, 4 by Democrats, and 2 open seats) Democrats have raised $34.1 million in total contributions in 2019, and Republicans have raised $29.3 million. Incumbent Democrats are averaging four times as much money pulled in as their challengers, while in the two open seats, Democrats outraised Republicans $1.9 million to $763,771.